Lezing - Leontine Hulzink: Seksuele moraal in Kaapstad in de 18de eeuw als kolonie van de VOC
Woensdag 25 April 2018 19:30
Vanaf 1680 veranderde Kaapstad van een VOC verversingspost voor het netwerk van de scheepvaart tussen Europa en Azië, naar een koloniale samenleving. Kaapstad werd qua sociale infrastructuur bijna op dezelfde wijze ingericht als die van de Republiek. Vooral het rechtssysteem en de kerkelijke tucht werd vrijwel identiek overgenomen.
Leontine Hulzink gaat in haar lezing belichten hoe civiele en crimineel rechterlijke bronnen weergeven wat de mentaliteit en belevingswereld was van blanke mannen en vrouwen in de koloniale samenleving in de Kaap in de 18e eeuw. Aan de hand van rechtszaken die gaan over lasterlijke aantijgingen en seksuele vergrijpen - zoals overspel en verbroken trouwbeloften. De processtukken bevatten vaak gedetailleerde getuigenverklaringen. Enkele vragen die aan bod komen zijn; wat was de seksuele moraal in Kaapstad en was deze gelijk aan de Republiek? Op welke wijze probeerden mannen en vrouwen hun (seksuele) eer te verdedigen? Wat kunnen getuigenverklaringen ons leren over de belevingswereld van mannen en vrouwen in een koloniale samenleving?
Book launch: Entrepreneurship in Africa
Maandag 14 Mei 2018 15:30 - 17:00
Historically, entrepreneurs have always played a central role in the development of nation states. Aside from rentier states, which depend extensively on the availability of mineral resource rents, most economically prosperous nations in the world have strong, innovative and competitive business enterprises and entrepreneurs as the bedrock of their economic development and prosperity. It was arguably because of the above historical fact that the World Bank in 1989 declared that entrepreneurs will play a central role in transforming African economies. Chapters in this book contribute to our understanding of the theory, structure and practice of entrepreneurship in diverse African countries. Case studies examined include: African multinational banks and businesses, female entrepreneurs, culture and entrepreneurship, finance and entrepreneurship and SMEs.
This book Entrepreneurship in Africa, edited by Akinyinka Akinyoade, Ton Dietz and Chibuike Uche, will officially be launched.
Space and Time: A Long-term Perspective on Land Reform from Zimbabwe’s Experience
Donderdag 24 Mei 2018 15:30 - 17:00
Despite a growing demand for sound, evidence-based development strategies, one-time, cross-sectional studies and summary post-implementation reports continue to predominate in development interventions. Nowhere are the deficiencies of these approaches more apparent than in evaluating interventions where positive outcomes are premised upon far-reaching changes in economic activities and lifestyles over time. Land reform and resettlement exemplify interventions that can only be realistically appraised through repeated or continuous examination over both space and time. This conclusion is based upon a 32-year study of Zimbabwe’s original land reform program, launched in 1980.
Zimbabwe has experienced two major – and markedly different – phases in its land reform efforts. The first was carefully planned and implemented with support from a broad group of international donor agencies; the second, which began in 2000, was motivated primarily by political considerations and was implemented in a chaotic and non-transparent fashion that has done severe damage to the economy and harmed international relations.
This seminar addresses long-term outcomes from the first phase of Zimbabwe’s land reform. Particular attention is given to contrasts in spatial dimensions – between the areas of origin of those who were resettled and their new homes in the land-reform areas. A parallel emphasis is the conclusions that arise from short-term observations regarding economic and social outcomes and the contradictions that arise from longer-term viewpoints. It concludes with an overview of what can be expected in terms of rural poverty alleviation from African land-reform interventions.
The Lion’s Historian: Animal Histories from the South
Donderdag 07 Juni 2018 15:30 - 17:00
Taking the African epigram “Until the lion has an historian of his own, the tale of the hunt will always glorify the hunter” as its starting point, this seminar discusses how we may become the lion’s historians. Prof. Sandra Swart argues that including other species in understanding the past is another way of ‘doing history’ and not necessarily a separate ‘animal turn’ in historiography. Instead, she argues that we allow the creatures on the edge of our vision to move into our disciplinary line of sight. This has been seen previously in social history, first with workers, then with women, and now animals. My aim is to start telling a social (rather than natural) history of the human – animal relationship.
We can offer more than the natural history of animals if we can show that it is both ideographic and diachronic: It changes over place and time. We can then tell a social history of animals – albeit most often seen through the eyes of their enemies. Animals are as historical as we are ourselves. They, like us, are products of our own biology and evolutionary pasts, but also products of our changing environments and our shifting socio-political present, within cultures that change over time and that comprise individuals who do not conform to stereotype. In short, they both experience change and effect change – they have history.